The RICE Therapy Approach What is R.I.C.E.? R.I.C.E. is an acronym (a word coined from first letters) for the most important elements – rest, ice, compression and elevation – in first aid for many injuries. This acronym appears frequently in literature related to injury prevention and rehabilitation related to athletic injuries. The word R.I.C.E. is

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? A nerve disorder that causes pain, loss of feeling and loss of strength in the hands. It may greatly decrease athletic performance in sports that require strong hand or wrist action, such as tennis, racquetball, squash, golf, skiing, weightlifting, baseball, football, horseshoes, bowling, archery, rowing, wrestling, boxing, gymnastics, hockey, judo


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What is Rehabilitation? Rehabilitation is a process of restoring full function to the musculoskeletal system. Rehabilitation consists of exercises and stretches to restore one’s range of motion (ROM) and Strength. A rehabilitation program must be progressive. After certain injuries, rehabilitation may begin before the injured tissues are completely healed. Because an injury results in weakness

Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS or ITBFS, for iliotibial band friction syndrome) is a common injury to the thigh, generally associated with running, cycling, hiking or weight-lifting (especially squats). Iliotibial Band Syndrome Definition ITBS is one of the leading causes of lateral knee pain in runners. The iliotibial tract is a superficial thickening of tissue on

What is a shoulder separation? Violent overstretching of the acromioclavicular ligaments in the shoulder where it meets the collarbone (clavicle). Sprains involving two or more ligaments cause considerably more disability than single ligament strains. When the ligament is overstretched, it becomes tense and gives way at it weakest point, either where it attaches to the

What is a shoulder dislocation? Displacement of the humerus (upper arm bone) from its socket in the shoulder joint. A forward displacement of the humerus is the most common type of shoulder dislocation. A temporary dislocation with immediate return to normal joint position is known as a SUBLUXATION. What are the signs of a shoulder

Rotator Cuff Injuries What is a rotator cuff injury? The rotator cuff is a term used to describe the tendons and muscles that support, stabilize and allow the arm to move up and down, as well as rotate. The four muscles include the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor. Injury to muscles or tendons that

Quadricep Injury Symptoms and Treatment What is a quadricep injury? An injury to the quadriceps femoris muscle or its tendons. The quadricep femoris is a large muscle at the front of the thigh. The muscle, tendon and their attached bones comprise contractile units that stabilizes the hip and knee and allow their motion. A strain

Knee Injuries: Knee Sprain What is a knee sprain? A violent overstretching of one or more ligaments in the knee. Sprains involving two or more ligaments cause considerably more disability than single-ligament sprains. When the ligament is overstretched, it becomes tense and gives way at it’s weakest point, either where it attaches to bone or

What is a hamstring injury? A strain injury to a hamstring muscle or tendon or their bony attachments. The hamstring muscles run from the pelvis and femur to the back and side of the knee. The hamstring tendons can be felt behind the knee on either side. They feel like tough rope. The hamstring tendons,

What are groin pulls and strains? Groin pulls and strains are injuries to the muscles and tendons in the area of the groin where the abdomen meets the thigh. The muscles and tendons and their attached bones comprise contractile units which stabilize the pelvis and allow its motion. A strain in this area occurs at